Artificial watering of new plantings during the first growing season is necessary. The first 2-3 weeks after planting, or during extreme weather conditions, are very critical to plant survival. Daily watering is usually needed during this time. New plants should be gradually soaked with a garden hose or sprinkler to the point of run off. Watering frequency can gradually be reduced to once a week after the first 3-4 weeks. Watch for leaf wilting or browning of tissue between watering. If leaf damage is noticed, water immediately and more frequently. Plants will survive some transplant stress; however, leaf tissue recovery may not occur until the following growing season. Improper watering or not watering can adversely affect your one-year plant warranty.
After the first year, fertilize trees, small fruits and shrubs with 1/4 pound of commercial nitrate fertilizer per year of growth. You also need to broadcast spread fertilizer under the branches each spring. Roses require more frequent applications of fertilizer through the spring and summer.
Insect and Disease
Insect and disease problems usually show visual signs of leaf damage. Control of insects and diseases is dependent upon proper diagnosis of the problem. If you suspect insect or disease problems call Proturf. We provide tree and shrub service for treatment of insect and disease problems. With proper diagnosis, tree and shrub problems can be treated effectively.
Cultural Practices and Pruning
Proper watering, fertilizing, and selection of plants from good stock will minimize problems with your landscape. Established plants are pruned for cultural and maintenance purposes. Improving structure on trees is of primary importance. Prune for uniform spacing of main stems and branches, thin out weak growth, eliminate weak crotches and raise the head of the tree gradually by removing lowest branches starting at least two years after planting. Keep shrubs shapely by trimming new growths after flowers begin to brown and drop. Heavy pruning should be done by pruning old growth to the ground in late winter or early spring.
Turf Care for New Sod
New sod should be watered daily 20-30 minutes in each area. Under extreme weather conditions it may be necessary to water twice a day. Watering frequency can gradually be reduced to twice a week during June through August. Two hours of watering in each area and 4 hours, once a week in each area during April, May, September, and October.
Fertilizing can begin 6-8 weeks after the sod is laid. Use a 4-0-2 fertilizer ratio containing 20% or more slow-release nitrogen. Apply at a rate of 1 pound of nitrogen per 1000 square feet – 3 to 5 times annually. Apply a pre-emergent crabgrass control along with the early spring application of fertilizer before May 20th. Control broadleaf weeds as they emerge with a spot sprayer and broadleaf weed control product. Always leave grass clippings on the lawn unless they become excessive and smother the turf. Cutting height should be 2.5 to 3 inches.